Current situation of Translational research on Acupuncture Moxi bustion and Pharmacopuncture

Article information

Acupunct. 2016;33(2):109-116
Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Gachon University
*Corresponding author: Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, Gil Oriental Medical Hospital, 21, Keunumul-ro Jung-gu, Incheon, Republic of Korea. Tel: +82-32-770-1300, E-mail: hssong70@gachon.ac.kr
Received 2016 May 23; Revised 2016 June 02; Accepted 2016 June 03.

Abstract

Objectives:

Our primary objective lies in understanding the current landscape of translational research on acupuncture, moxibustion and pharmacopuncture.

Methods:

We searched our own selection of keywords of acupuncture, moxibustion and pharmacopuncture and translational research from three overseas databases (Pubmed, Scopus, Medicine) and four domestic databases (DBpia, KISS, Riss4u, Korea Med).

Results:

We have chosen 41 articles in total-40 articles on acupunture, 6 article on moxibustion(5 articles were duplicated in use in each category). Origin-wise 48.8 %/24.8 %/17.0 % of our articles pool came from USA/China/Korea, respectively, UK, Austria, Thailand and Italy contributed the rest of our article pool. For those articles written in USA and China, review articles were the most common type. For the US articles, all 10 review articles were non-systematic reviews, while, for China’s contribution, one out of 4 review articles were systematic review. Type-wise, our research pool’s breakdown is as follows; 17 review articles, 11 experimental research, 2 randomized controlled trials(RCT), 1 clinical trial, 4 conference reports, 1 letter, 1 study protocol and 4 uncategorized. Topic-wise, brain-neurology was most frequently referred with 8 articles, followed by parkinson’s disease (3 articles) and epilepsy (2 articles).

Conclusion:

  1. In terms of research submission articles, Korea appears to be lacking translational research on acupuncture, moxibustion and pharmacopuncture, compared to USA and China, in our view.

  2. Unlike the cases of USA and China, most of Korean translational research is limited to doing a T1 level of translational research. In order to bring bench-to-bedside to light. we believe, there should be more studies, and thereby a certain level of activation, to the T2 level of translational research in Korea.

  3. Further, in our view there should be more efforts to improve article quality at the T1 level of translational research, which eventually becomes the fundamentals of the next level of research (i.e.T2 research), as well as to increase the number of research submissions, going forward.

Fig. 1

Flow chart of article selection process

Fig. 2

Classification according to the search term

5 articles are duplicated in ‘Acupuncture’ article and ‘Moxibustion’ article.

Fig. 3

Classification according to nationality of first author

Fig. 4

In three Countries, classification according to type of article

Fig. 5

Classification according to type of article in review article

Fig. 6

Classification according to type of article

Fig. 7

Classification according to frequency of disease

Stepwise classification according to translational research4)

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Article information Continued

Fig. 1

Flow chart of article selection process

Fig. 2

Classification according to the search term

5 articles are duplicated in ‘Acupuncture’ article and ‘Moxibustion’ article.

Fig. 3

Classification according to nationality of first author

Fig. 4

In three Countries, classification according to type of article

Fig. 5

Classification according to type of article in review article

Fig. 6

Classification according to type of article

Fig. 7

Classification according to frequency of disease

Table 1

Stepwise classification according to translational research4)

Step Basic research T1 translational research T2 translational research

Discovery of candidate product/Pre clinical research Clinical research Selection of optimal treatment Clinical practice
Motto Translation to humans Translation to patients

Target Basic knowledgment Preclinical efficacy Clinical efficacy Clinical effectiveness

Content •Target research
•Mechanism research
•Candidate product research
•Effect in animal experiment/Toxic ity assessment
•Effect in human experiment/Adverse reaction assessment
•Clinical research
•Compartive effectivess research
•Systematic research
•Clinical guidline
•Implementation research
•Dissemination research
•Diffusion Research
•Outcome research