Acupunct Search

CLOSE


J Acupunct Res > Volume 31(2); 2014 > Article
Lee, Jung, Choi, Kim, Yook, Song, and Kim: A Study of Surface Electromyography Measurement of Facial Muscles in Normal Person※
See the Original "".

Abstract

Background or Objectives:

The purpose of this study is to measure surface Electromyography(sEMG) of facial muscles in normal person and to find method for standardizing of sEMG’s value.

Methods :

We measured 3points on face, frontalis muscle(GB14), zygomaticus muscle(SI18), orbicularis oris muscle(LI19) of 40 normal person by sEMG. 40 normal person consist with two groups, each 20 male, 20 female. Average age of subject was 26.50±4.79. SEMG instrument QEMG-4 XL was used. After training exercise of facial muscles, sEMG’s root mean square value was measured once.

Results:

  1. In whole experimental group, frontalis muscle’s both side average was 78.36±40.87, zygomaticus muscle’s both side average was 84.70±49.81, orbicularis oris’s both side average was 104.83±38.81.

  2. Left side of Frontalis muscle, both side of zygomaticus muscle are high marked in male than female in statistically.

  3. In whole experimental group, average of ratio comparing smaller value with bigger value in difference between left side and right side was 19.60±12.88 %.

  4. Average of asymmetry index(AI) was 11.46±8.36 %. orbicularis oris muscle’s average of AI had least difference was 8.95±7.50 %. zygomaticus muscle’s average of AI had most difference was 13.95±8.90 %.

Conclusions:

The result of this study could provide useful information of field of sEMG is used in oriental medicine treatment of facial muscles. To assess efficacy of treatment in facial muscles, we need to standardize facial muscle’s sEMG values by using AI, ratio comparing values and etc.

Notes

This work was supported by Woosuk University research funds 2014

Fig. 1.
Percentage comparing smaller value with bigger value in frontalis muscle, zygomaticus muscle, orbiculalis oris muscle
acupunct-31-2-51-6f1.gif
Fig. 2.
Difference value in percentage comparing smaller value with bigger value of frontalis muscle, zygomaticus muscle, orbiculalis oris muscle
acupunct-31-2-51-6f2.gif
Fig. 3.
Asymmetry index of frontalis muscle, zygomaticus muscle, orbiculalis oris muscle
acupunct-31-2-51-6f3.gif
Table 1.
Surface EMG’s Root Mean Square Value
Number Initial Sex Age FM-L FM-R FM-D ZM-L ZM-R ZM-D OM-L OM-R OM-D
1 KK F 31 66 60 6 133 116 17 158 152 6
2 JK M 27 159 108 51 277 247 30 104 74 30
3 JT M 24 186 132 54 102 99 3 95 101 6
4 BH F 28 120 153 33 120 129 9 83 109 26
5 KJ F 25 44 60 16 120 135 15 81 85 4
6 PH M 26 62 68 6 133 84 49 162 182 20
7 PO F 28 112 120 8 46 57 11 140 123 17
8 LG M 24 136 155 19 111 90 21 122 178 56
9 LY F 24 92 110 18 36 57 21 124 83 41
10 KJ F 36 121 88 33 25 50 25 143 123 20
11 BH M 27 113 137 24 88 66 22 65 62 3
12 KH M 26 85 74 11 138 141 3 71 73 2
13 CM F 26 46 54 8 137 117 20 78 79 1
14 JS F 32 84 54 30 68 83 15 131 134 3
15 CI M 31 149 133 16 84 116 32 144 136 8
16 KH F 28 27 28 1 166 141 25 120 113 7
17 JH F 40 75 78 3 72 69 3 157 120 37
18 JS M 27 153 132 21 50 62 12 103 69 34
19 PK M 28 105 64 41 134 155 21 105 90 15
20 LY F 28 40 20 20 24 47 23 102 56 46
21 KG M 27 101 129 28 161 138 23 126 119 7
22 KH M 27 155 112 43 143 130 13 162 146 16
23 LJ F 20 50 74 24 47 41 6 151 141 10
24 KS M 36 56 56 0 105 122 17 72 57 15
25 JJ M 26 53 38 15 37 24 13 106 68 38
26 KB F 21 71 58 13 63 47 16 54 50 4
27 OM F 24 81 89 8 60 41 19 70 69 1
28 LB F 21 33 37 4 63 46 17 140 98 42
29 YY M 22 60 51 9 48 30 18 57 58 1
30 NS F 22 22 17 5 37 29 8 68 71 3
31 PY F 24 30 32 2 37 24 13 156 183 27
32 AW M 22 62 72 10 90 121 31 44 52 8
33 JB M 20 83 51 32 102 52 50 103 114 11
34 JI M 19 37 38 1 35 55 20 130 106 24
35 CS M 21 16 29 13 135 117 18 110 122 12
36 LY F 34 35 45 10 26 52 26 166 210 44
37 SE F 34 52 70 18 43 31 12 62 53 9
38 LY F 26 69 61 8 61 44 17 76 125 49
39 KW M 24 114 123 9 57 72 15 69 87 18
40 KY M 24 64 40 24 35 50 15 62 43 19
Mean 26.50 80.48 76.25 17.38 86.23 83.18 18.60 106.80 102.85 18.50
SD 4.79 42.89 39.17 13.75 52.51 47.58 10.11 36.23 41.61 15.59

FM-L : frontalis muscle left. FM-R : frontalis muscle right. FM-D : frontalis muscle difference.

ZM-L : zygomaticus muscle left. ZM-R : zygomaticus muscle right. ZM-D : zygomaticus muscle difference.

OM-L : orbicularis oris muscle left. OM-R : orbicularis oris muscle right. OM-D : orbicularis oris muscle difference.

SD : standard deviation.

Table 2.
Difference Value Between Male and Female
Male(N=20) Female(N=20) t p


Mean±SD Mean±SD
Frontalis muscle Left 97.45±47.09 63.50±30.85 2.697 .010*
Right 87.10±41.44 65.40±34.41 1.802 .080

Zygomaticus muscle Left 103.25±57.00 69.20±42.42 2.143 .039*
Right 98.55±51.98 67.80±38.06 2.135 .039*

Orbicularis oris muscle Left 100.60±34.13 113.00±38.05 −1.085 .285
Right 96.85± 40.63 108.85±42.74 −.910 .369

SD: standard deviation.

* p<0.05.

Table 3.
Average of Each Muscles in Ratio Comparing Smaller Value with Bigger Value
Ratio(N=40)


Mean±SD
Frontalis muscle 80.29±12.46 %
Zygomaticus muscle 76.51±13.19 %
Orbicularis oris muscle 84.38±12.04 %
Total 80.40±12.88 %

SD: standard deviation.

Table 4.
Average of Difference Value Each Muscles in Percentage Comparing Smaller Value with Bigger Value
Difference(N=40)


Mean±SD
Frontalis muscle 19.71±12.46 %
Zygomaticus muscle 23.49±13.19 %
Orbicularis oris muscle 15.62±12.04 %
Total 19.60±12.88 %

SD: standard deviation.

Table 5.
Average of Asymmetry Index
Asymmetry index(N=40)


Mean±SD
Frontalis muscle 11.47±8.07 %
Zygomaticus muscle 13.95±8.90 %
Orbicularis oris muscle 8.95±7.50 %
Total 11.46±8.36 %

SD : standard deviation.

VI. References

1. Kim HB, Park YH, Bae SS. Clinical application of electromyography and nerve conduction study. The Journal of Korean Society of Physical Therapy. 1998;10(1):199–212.

2. Kang SY. Introduction to electromyography. The Korean Journal of Pain. 1994;7(1):13–24.

3. Jeong HW. Undonghakchongseol-total opinion of kinesiology. Published by Mokgwa To. 2002;16–312.

4. Kim TU. Muscular exercise and muscle fatigue. Journal of Korea Spots Research. 2007;18(5):829–40.

5. Cho JH, Lee JS, Kim SS. A Study of the meridian muscle electrography for the clinical application. Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine. 2005;15(4):89–104.

6. Lee HG, Im JG, Jung DJ, Kim JU, Kim LH, Yook TH. Comparative review on oriental medicine study utilized surface electromyography in Korea, China, Japan. Journal of Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine Society. 2013;30(1):23–34.
pmid
7. Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine Society. Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Gyeonggi: Jipmoondang. 2000:299–661.

8. Lee BK, Park YB, Kim TH. Oriental medicine diagnostics. Published by Seungbo. 1988;21–53.

9. Lee HJ. Implementation of composite bio-information detecting system for using in Korean traditional medicine. Journal of Catholic Sangji College. 1999;29:75–94.

10. Luca C J De. Physiology and mathemtics of myoelectric signals, IEEE trans. Biomed Eng. 1979;26(6):313–25.

11. Park JH, Lee HY, Jung CK, Lee J, Kim SH. A study on estimation of motor unit location of biceps brachii muscle using surface electromyogram. Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science. 2010;47(3):28–39.

12. Lee J, Kwon HM. Comparison of algorithms estimating linear regression line from surface EMG signals. The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers. 2008;57(3):527–35.

13. Lee J, Yang HW, Joung EK. Spike variable analysis of surface EMG signal during constant voluntary contraction. The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers. 2007;56(4):809–16.

14. Kim JY, Jung MC. The comparison of sensitivity of numerical parameters for quantification of electromyographic(EMG) signal. Industrial Engineeering & Management Systems. 1999;25(3):330–35.
pmid
15. Yoon SJ, Beak SH. Effect of Yoga performance on the waist muscle activation in the middle age woman. Korean Education Journal of Aesthetic Society. 2010;8(1):21–29.

16. Kim JY, Jung MC. The comparison of sensitivity of numerical parameters for quantification of electromyographic(EMG) signal. Journal of the Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers. 1999;25(3):330–35.

17. Yoon DY, Choi JS, Jeong SH, Kim SJ. The analysis of erector spine muscle on difference of functional leg length inequality – through meridian electromyography. Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine. 2011;21(3):13–20.

18. Lee KJ, Choi IS, Lee SY, et al. Low back pain assessment using durface electromyography and digital infrared thermographic imaging. Korean Journal Occupational Environment Medicine. 2001;13(3):306–14.
crossref
19. Kim MB, Ryu JM, Kim SS. Correlation analysis of stress and meridian electromyography in Korean adult males. The Journal of Korea Chuna Manual Medicine for Spine & Nerves. 2007;2(2):141–49.
pmid
20. Nam KB, Chung SH, Kim SS. The influences of progressive muscle relaxation on meridian- electromyograph, autonomic nervous system and stress in healthy people. Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine. 2008;18(1):125–40.

21. Choi JS, Ahn JM, Kim CY, et al. The clinical study of muscle energy techniques(MET) in elector spinae muscle on low back pain patients-through meridian electromyography. Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine. 2013;23(1):15–23.

22. Jung JY, Lee JH, Nam KB, Kim SS. Meridian- electromyograph analysis on features of abdominal muscles in chronic low back pain patients. Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine. 2008;18(4):203–15.

23. Kim MB, Lee JS, Kim SS. A study on the correlation of shoulder pain and meridian muscle electrography in hemiplegic patients after stroke. Journal of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine. 2006;16(3):103–10.

24. Hwang MS, Yoon JH. Study of the meridian muscle therory. Journal of Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Society. 2005;22(1):29–39.
pmid
25. Han MG, Heo SY, Kim SJ. The oriental medical study of myofascial pain syndrome and meridian - muscle theory. The Journal of East-West Medicine. 2000;25(2):39–48.

26. Lee SM, Jeong HY, Keum KS. A study on the Kyung Keun Pyun of the Young Chu. The Journal of The Korean Institute of Oriental Medical Diagnostics. 1993;3(1):294–333.



Article and Issues
For this Journal
For Authors
Ethics
Submit Manuscript
Editorial Office
Gil Korean Medical Hospital, Gachon University
Keunumul-Ro, Chung-Ku, Inchoen 22138, Korea
Tel: +82-70-7606-6353,4    Fax: +82-32-232-3334    E-mail: jared@e-jar.org                

Copyright © 2021 by Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine Society.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next